Rubondo Island National Park covers a total area of 456.8 sq km of which 236.8 sq km is dry land. There are also 11 smaller islets and 220 sq km of water. The park contains unique flora and fauna with a mosaic of different primary forests creating a dense cover of over 80% of the Island. This is interspersed by papyrus swamp, rocky grassland, open woodland, grassland and sandy lakeshore. The park structure of different vegetation, geographical location and very pleasant weather is a paradise to much wildlife, including an abundance of Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths), which are one of my favourite subjects.
Butterflies are attracted by many factors, including availability of good cover, water, plants for food and to lay their eggs; all these factors exist in Rubondo National Park.
Rubondo is home to many species of Lepidoptera, and some of them are endemic to the Island. Since the establishment of Asilia’s camp on the island, many species of butterflies have been recorded and photographed.
Feeding and Food of Butterflies:
As larvae, the vast majority of butterflies feed on plant matter. Choice of larval food is often highly specialised and in some cases restricted to a single species. As a result, butterfly distribution is influenced by the availability of food for the larvae. Most butterflies are active during the day [diurnal] and they start to become very active when the sun is not too hot. Butterflies can be observed in the morning and at sunset on forest edges, on flowers, in the canopy, alongside marshes, on animal dung, rotten fruit and dead animals, demonstrating that they utilise a huge variety of food sources.
If you would like to see the stunning photographs and read more about the butterflies of Rubondo Island please take some time to read our Rubondo Blog
article by clicking here>