Tanzania Safari

With almost a third of its land protected for wildlife viewing and some of the best game parks on the continent, safari is a way of life in Tanzania. Visitors flock here to witness the epic annual Great Migration pass through the legendary Serengeti – a massive spectacle with wildebeest herds so large they can be seen from space.

The neighbouring Ngorongoro Conservation Area is home to an extraordinary selection of predators. Further south, Ruaha National Park and Selous Game Reserve offer wild, off-the-beaten track game viewing in a spectacular setting. Add to this the exotic island of Zanzibar and its palm-fringed beaches, Kilimanjaro – Africa’s highest mountain – and the jungle-clad shores of Lake Victoria and you have one of the most beautiful, vibrant and diverse countries in Africa.

Snapshot of Tanzania
  • Classic safari territory with incredible wildlife
  • Serengeti hosts majority of the annual Great Migration
  • Numerous iconic highlights and rich culture
Perfect for:
  • The Great Migration
  • Huge, diverse national parks
  • Tropical hideaways on Zanzibar Island

About

 

With a landmass of 945 203km², Tanzania is the largest country in East Africa and was founded in 1964 with the merger of mainland Tanganyika and the island of Zanzibar. Safari has been a way of life in Tanzania for many years and the country has some of the best game parks in the world.

Among Tanzania’s neighbors are Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, DRC and Zambia to the west; and Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The terrain can be broadly divided into three major geographical zones; the narrow lowland coastal strip that adjoins the Indian Ocean; a vast interior plateau that extends over most of the interior, cut in two places by branches of the Great Rift Valley, and lastly, the scattered mountainous regions. Key landmarks include Mount Kilimanjaro, the Ngorongoro Crater, Serengeti National Park and Lake Victoria. The varied ecosystems include wetlands and marine habitats, vast savannahs, and tropical, subtropical and montane forest.

The 8 292km² Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) in the Southern Serengeti has been recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for four reasons: it contains crucial palaeontological evidence of human evolution; the presence of Ngorongoro Crater, the largest unbroken caldera in the world; the large concentration of wildlife, including 25 000 large animals; the variations in climate, landforms and altitude, resulting in several overlapping ecosystems and distinct habitats.

The country is now home to approximately 120 tribal groups and the citizens are proud of their multicultural heritage. The dominant religions are Christianity and Islam, the latter especially along the coast. The official languages of the country are Swahili and English, however many indigenous languages are still spoken. Arabic is widely spoken in the coastal areas and Zanzibar.

Regions

 

Tanzania’s natural beauty and the sheer density of its plant and wildlife species make it a top destination for ecotourists. Almost a third of the country is protected, providing habitat for hundreds of species across 14 national parks. A fifth of Africa’s large mammals can be found within its borders, including lion, hippo, elephant, zebra and wildebeest, whose mass migration through the Serengeti is a major draw for safari-goers.

Serengeti
The Serengeti’s vast grass-covered plains are home to the world-famous Great Migration and offer unmatched wildlife experiences throughout the year.

Tarangire
Famous for its giant baobab trees and vast herds of elephants, this wild and untamed part of Tanzania gives you a glimpse into an Africa untouched by time.

Ruaha
One of the largest national parks on the continent yet relatively unknown, Ruaha is Africa’s new safari frontier. Ten percent of the world’s lion population lives in this spectacular wilderness area, which is home to an astonishing range of big game in a beautifully diverse landscape

Rubondo Island
A unique ecosystem in the middle of Lake Victoria, Rubondo Island is a must for those seeking exceptional adventures in a truly wild area.

Ngorongoro
One of the most iconic wildlife areas in the world, the floor of the Ngorongoro Crater supports some of the richest concentrations of wildlife on the continent.

Selous Game Reserve
This wild and unspoilt game reserve in southern Tanzania boasts an enticing mix of abundant wildlife and varied terrain. Spanning a vast 45,000km, the Selous is larger than Switzerland and is home to just a handful of small safari camps, ensuring an exclusive safari experience.

Travelling Information

 

Climate
Tanzania enjoys warm days and cool mornings and evenings year round throughout most of the country. Temperatures on Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru drop to below freezing, while the coast and lakeside regions are the hottest and most humid. There are two rainy seasons in the country – March to May (long rains) and the period from November to December (the lighter short rains).

Dress code
Modest clothing is advisable in the bigger towns and cities in Tanzania and particularly in Zanzibar out of respect for Muslim beliefs. It is especially important to cover shoulders and knees. Of course, in the various lodges and camps, and on the beaches of Zanzibar, it is perfectly fine to wear shorts and T-shirts or beachwear.
Generally speaking, light layers of clothing in neutral safari colours of green, khaki and beige are the best items to bring with you, as well as a warmer jacket or fleece for the colder evenings. A hat is also a must! Dark colours such as navy or black are best avoided (they can attract tstese flies) as are bright colours if you are going on safari.

What to pack?
Less is more when it comes to packing. Flights to safari camps are in small planes and you will be limited to a soft bag. A complimentary laundry service is available in all our camps and lodges, and the turn-around time is quick, so we recommend you take fewer items of clothing in light or quick-drying technical fabrics.

  • Layers – long- and short-sleeved shirts and trousers
  • A warm fleece or jumper
  • A lightweight waterproof jacket
  • Comfortable but sturdy shoes
  • Flip-flops or sandals
  • Swimsuit
  • A hat or baseball cap, plus a warm beanie for cold nights and early-morning game drives
  • Sunglasses
  • Sunscreen (essential)
  • Toiletries – most camps will provide shampoo, shower gel & soap
  • A small torch (headlight torch is best)
  • Spare batteries, plug adapters and charging equipment
  • A good pair of binoculars
  • Books or a fully loaded Kindle or iPad for siesta time

At a glance

 

Capital City: Dodoma (official/administrative); Dar es Salaam (commercial)
Land mass: 945 203km²
Population: c. 49 million
Language: Swahili & English (official); numerous indigenous languages; Arabic is widely spoken in the coastal areas & Zanzibar
Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (Tsh)
International dialling code: +255
Time zone: GMT + 3 hours

Asilia Camps in Tanzania

  • Dunia Camp
    Dunia Camp

    Explore the heart of the Serengeti.

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  • Ubuntu Camp
    Ubuntu Camp

    Follow the vast herds of wildebeest as they cross the Serengeti.

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  • Roho ya Selous
    Roho ya Selous

    Set on a hill overlooking the water, Roho ya Selous sits in the very heart of the Selous Game Reserve.

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  • Kwihala Camp
    Kwihala Camp

    Explore Africa’s new safari frontier.

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  • Olakira Camp
    Olakira Camp

    Live, breathe & feel the Great Migration.

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  • Namiri Plains
    Namiri Plains

    Game drive and walk in exceptional big cat territory.

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  • Oliver’s Camp
    Oliver’s Camp

    Explore the remote wilderness of Tarangire.

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  • Sayari Camp
    Sayari Camp

    Spectacular game viewing on the northern Serengeti’s unspoilt plains.

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  • Rubondo Island Camp
    Rubondo Island Camp

    Discover a unique island wilderness.

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  • Little Oliver’s Camp
    Little Oliver’s Camp

    An exclusive & intimate base in Tarangire.

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  • The Highlands
    The Highlands

    Immerse yourself in the stunning crater highlands of the NCA.

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  • Kimondo Camp
    Kimondo Camp

    Track the herds of the Great Migration from North to South.

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  • Jabali Ridge
    Jabali Ridge

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Itineraries based in Tanzania

  • Southern Circuit in Style
    Southern Circuit in Style

    See incredible wildlife & spend time at our newest camp in Ruaha

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  • The Best of Kenya & Tanzania
    The Best of Kenya & Tanzania

    A flying safari to the iconic parks of the continent.

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  • The Great Tanzanian Walking Adventure
    The Great Tanzanian Walking Adventure

    Explore Tanzania’s parks.

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  • Birding
    Birding

    Discover Tanzania’s magnificent birdlife.

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  • Southern Tanzania
    Southern Tanzania

    Experience the absolute beauty of Southern Tanzania.

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  • Serengeti to Southern Tanzania
    Serengeti to Southern Tanzania

    Take a journey from the Serengeti to the South of Tanzania

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Your positive impact in Tanzania

Our collaborative approach to business means that your visit benefits many people and species in the areas in which we operate.  By working together with local communities, governments and NGOs we support an array of initiatives that are making the world a better place.

Further Reading

Top 10 African wildlife photography tips

If there’s one thing that makes a safari unsurpassed, it is the ability to capture amazing scenes and portraits of the rich wildlife.

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Mobile Camps: Your front row seat to the Great Migration

Without a doubt the annual Wildebeest Migration is one of nature’s greatest spectacles.

Read more